In 1991, a student named Mark Mc Cahill at the University of Minnesota decided that if you could search for files on the internet then surely you could also search plain text for specific references in the files. Because no such application existed, he created Gopher, a program that indexed in plain-text documents that later became the first web sites on the public internet. From there search as you know it began to mature. The first real search engine in the form that we know search engines today, didn’t come into being until 1993. It was developed by Matthew Grayand it was called Wandex. Wandex was the first program to both index and search index of pages on the web. This technology was the first program to crawl the web and later became the basis for all search crawlers. From there search engines took on a life of their own. Since 1993 to 1998, the major search engines that you are probably familiar with today were created: · Excite – 1993 · Yahoo – 1994 · Web Crawler – 1994 · Lycos – 1994 · InfoSeek – 1995 · AltaVista – 1995 · Inktomi – 1996 · Ask Jeeves -1997 · Google – 1997 · MSN Search - 1998 Today, search engines are sophisticated programs, many of which allow you to search all manner of files and documents using the same words and phrases you would use in everyday conversations. It’s hard to believe that the concept of a search engine is just over 20 years back. Especially considering what you can use to find these days! But my question is why Google only popular in world? why other search engines goes down?